4n: Virtualization

++mack

Nock subject to unit

Accepts a nock subject-formula cell and wraps it into a ++unit. fol is pure nock, meaning that nock 11 operations result in a block, producing a ~.

Accepts

sub is a subject noun.

fol is a formula noun, which is generally a ++nock.

Produces

The ++unit of a noun.

Source

    ++  mack
      |=  {sub/* fol/*}
      ^-  (unit)
      =+  ton=(mink [sub fol] |=({* *} ~))
      ?.(?=({$0 *} ton) ~ [~ p.ton])
    ::

Examples

    > (mack [[1 2 3] [0 1]])
    [~ [1 2 3]]
    > (mack [41 4 0 1])
    [~ 42]
    > (mack [4 0 4])
    ~
    > (mack [[[0 2] [1 3]] 4 4 4 4 0 5])
    [~ 6]
    > ;;((unit @tas) (mack [[1 %yes %no] 6 [0 2] [0 6] 0 7]))
    [~ %no]

++mink

Mock interpreter

Bottom-level mock (virtual nock) interpreter. Produces a ++tone, a nock computation result. If nock 11 is invoked, sky computes on the subject and produces a ++unit result. An empty result becomes a %1 ++tone, indicating a block.

Accepts

sub is the subject as a noun.

fol is the formula as a noun.

sky is an %iron gate invoked with nock operator 11.

Produces

A ++tone.

Source

    ++  mink
      ~/  %mink
      |=  {{sub/* fol/*} gul/$-({* *} (unit (unit)))}
      =+  tax=*(list {@ta *})
      |-  ^-  tone
      ?@  fol
        [%2 tax]
      ?:  ?=(^ -.fol)
        =+  hed=$(fol -.fol)
        ?:  ?=($2 -.hed)
          hed
        =+  tal=$(fol +.fol)
        ?-  -.tal
          $0  ?-(-.hed $0 [%0 p.hed p.tal], $1 hed)
          $1  ?-(-.hed $0 tal, $1 [%1 (weld p.hed p.tal)])
          $2  tal
        ==
      ?+    fol
        [%2 tax]
      ::
          {$0 b/@}
        ?:  =(0 b.fol)  [%2 tax]
        ?:  =(1 b.fol)  [%0 sub]
        ?:  ?=(@ sub)   [%2 tax]
        =+  [now=(cap b.fol) lat=(mas b.fol)]
        $(b.fol lat, sub ?:(=(2 now) -.sub +.sub))
      ::
          {$1 b/*}
        [%0 b.fol]
      ::
          {$2 b/{^ *}}
        =+  ben=$(fol b.fol)
        ?.  ?=($0 -.ben)  ben
        ?>(?=(^ p.ben) $(sub -.p.ben, fol +.p.ben))
        ::?>(?=(^ p.ben) $([sub fol] p.ben)
      ::
          {$3 b/*}
        =+  ben=$(fol b.fol)
        ?.  ?=($0 -.ben)  ben
        [%0 .?(p.ben)]
      ::
          {$4 b/*}
        =+  ben=$(fol b.fol)
        ?.  ?=($0 -.ben)  ben
        ?.  ?=(@ p.ben)  [%2 tax]
        [%0 .+(p.ben)]
      ::
          {$5 b/*}
        =+  ben=$(fol b.fol)
        ?.  ?=($0 -.ben)  ben
        ?.  ?=(^ p.ben)  [%2 tax]
        [%0 =(-.p.ben +.p.ben)]
      ::
          {$6 b/* c/* d/*}
        $(fol =>(fol [2 [0 1] 2 [1 c d] [1 0] 2 [1 2 3] [1 0] 4 4 b]))
      ::
          {$7 b/* c/*}       $(fol =>(fol [2 b 1 c]))
          {$8 b/* c/*}       $(fol =>(fol [7 [[0 1] b] c]))
          {$9 b/* c/*}       $(fol =>(fol [7 c 0 b]))
          {$10 @ c/*}        $(fol c.fol)
          {$10 {b/* c/*} d/*}
        =+  ben=$(fol c.fol)
        ?.  ?=($0 -.ben)  ben
        ?:  ?=(?($hunk $hand $lose $mean $spot) b.fol)
          $(fol d.fol, tax [[b.fol p.ben] tax])
        $(fol d.fol)
      ::
          {$11 b/* c/*}
        =+  ref=$(fol b.fol)
        =+  ben=$(fol c.fol)
        ?.  ?=($0 -.ref)  ref
        ?.  ?=($0 -.ben)  ben
        =+  val=(gul p.ref p.ben)
        ?~(val [%1 p.ben ~] ?~(u.val [%2 [[%hunk (mush p.ben)] tax]] [%0 u.u.val]))
      ==
    ::

Examples

    > (mink [20 [4 0 1]] $~)
    [%0 p=21]
    > (mink [[90 5 3] [0 3]] $~)
    [%0 p=[5 3]]
    > (mink 20^[4 0 1] $~)
    [%0 p=21]
    > (mink [90 5 3]^[0 3] $~)
    [%0 p=[5 3]]
    > (mink [0]^[11 1 20] $~)
    [%1 p=~[20]]
    > (mink [0]^[11 1 20] |=(a=* `[40 a]))
    [%0 p=[40 20]]
    > (mink [5]^[0 2] $~)
    [%2 p=~]
    > (mink [5]^[10 yelp/[0 1] 0 0] $~)
    [%2 p=~[[~.yelp 5]]]

++mock

Compute formula on subject with hint

Produces a ++toon, which is either a sucessful, blocked, or crashed result. If nock 11 is invoked, sky computes on the subject and produces a ++unit result. An empty result becomes a %1 ++tune, indicating a block.

Accepts

sub is the subject as a noun.

fol is the formula as a noun.

sky is an %iron gate invoked with nock operator 11.

Produces

The ++unit of a noun.

Source

    ++  mock
      |=  {{sub/* fol/*} gul/$-({* *} (unit (unit)))}
      (mook (mink [sub fol] gul))
    ::

Examples

    > (mock [5 4 0 1] ,~)
    [%0 p=6]
    > (mock [~ 11 1 0] |=(* `999))
    [%0 p=999]
    > (mock [~ 0 1.337] ,~)
    [%2 p=~]
    > (mock [~ 11 1 1.337] ,~)
    [%1 p=~[1.337]]
    > (mock [[[4 4 4 4 0 3] 10] 11 9 2 0 1] |=(* `[+<]))
    [%0 p=14]
    > (mock [[[4 4 4 4 0 3] 10] 11 9 2 0 1] |=(* `[<+<>]))
    [%0 p=[49 52 0]]
    > ;;(tape +:(mock [[[4 4 4 4 0 3] 10] 11 9 2 0 1] |=(* `[<+<>])))
    "14"

++mong

Slam gate with sample

Produces a ++toon computation result from slamming gat with sam, using sky to compute or block on nock 11 when applicable.

Accepts

gat is a noun that is generally a gate.

sam is a sample noun.

sky is an %iron gate invoked with nock operator 11.

Produces

A ++toon.

Source

    ++  mong
      |=  {{gat/* sam/*} gul/$-({* *} (unit (unit)))}
      ^-  toon
      ?.  &(?=(^ gat) ?=(^ +.gat))
        [%2 ~]
      (mock [[-.gat [sam +>.gat]] -.gat] gul)
    ::

Examples

    > (mong [|=(@ 20) ~] ,~)
    [%0 p=20]
    > (mong [|=(@ !!) ~] ,~)
    [%2 p=~]
    > (mong [|=(a/@ (add 20 a)) ~] ,~)
    [%0 p=20]
    > (mong [|=(a/[@ @] (add 20 -.a)) ~] ,~)
    [%2 p=~]
    > (mong [|=(a/[@ @] (add 20 -.a)) [4 6]] ,~)
    [%0 p=24]
    > (mong [|=(a/@ .^(a)) ~] ,~)
    [%1 p=~[0]]
    > (mong [|=(a/@ .^(a)) ~] ,[~ %42])
    [%0 p=42]
    > (mong [|=(a/@ .^(a)) ~] |=(a/* [~ a 6]))
    [%0 p=[0 6]]
    > (mong [|=(a/@ .^(a)) 8] |=(a/* [~ a 6]))
    [%0 p=[8 6]]

++mook

Intelligently render crash annotation

Converts a %2 ++tone nock stack trace to a list of ++tank. Each may be a tank, cord, ++spot, or trapped tank.

Accepts

ton is a ++tone.

Produces

A ++toon.

Source

    ++  mook
      |=  ton/tone
      ^-  toon
      ?.  ?=({$2 *} ton)  ton
      :-  %2
      :: =.  p.ton  (moop p.ton)
      =+  yel=(lent p.ton)
      =.  p.ton
        ?.  (gth yel 256)  p.ton
        %+  weld
          (scag 128 p.ton)
        ^-  (list {@ta *})
        :_  (slag (sub yel 128) p.ton)
        :-  %lose
        %+  rap  3
        "[skipped {(scow %ud (sub yel 256))} frames]"
      |-  ^-  (list tank)
      ?~  p.ton  ~
      =+  rep=$(p.ton t.p.ton)
      ?+    -.i.p.ton  rep
          $hunk  [(tank +.i.p.ton) rep]
          $lose  [[%leaf (rip 3 (@ +.i.p.ton))] rep]
          $hand  [[%leaf (scow %p (mug +.i.p.ton))] rep]
          $mean  :_  rep
                 ?@  +.i.p.ton  [%leaf (rip 3 (@ +.i.p.ton))]
                 =+  mac=(mack +.i.p.ton +<.i.p.ton)
                 ?~(mac [%leaf "####"] (tank u.mac))
          $spot  :_  rep
                 =+  sot=(spot +.i.p.ton)
                 :+  %rose  [":" ~ ~]
                 :~  (smyt p.sot)
                     =>  [ud=|=(a/@u (scow %ud a)) q.sot]
                     leaf+"<[{(ud p.p)} {(ud q.p)}].[{(ud p.q)} {(ud q.q)}]>"
      ==         ==
    ::

Examples

    > (mook [%0 5 4 5 1])
    [%0 p=[5 4 5 1]]
    > (mook [%2 ~[[%hunk %rose ["<" "," ">"] ~[[%leaf "err"]]]]])
    [%2 p=~[[%rose p=[p="<" q="," r=">"] q=[i=[%leaf p="err"] t=~]]]]
    > (mook [%2 ~[[%malformed %elem] [%lose 'do print']]])
    [%2 p=~[[%leaf p="do print"]]]
    > (mook [%2 ~[[%mean |.(>(add 5 6)<)]]])
    [%2 p=~[[%leaf p="11"]]]
    > (mook [%2 ~[[%spot /b/repl [1 1]^[1 2]] [%mean |.(!!)]]])
    [%2 p=~[[%leaf p="/b/repl/:<[1 1].[1 2]>"] [%leaf p="####"]]]

++mule

Typed virtual

Kicks a ++trap, producing its results or any errors that occur along the way. Used to lazily compute stack traces.

Accepts

taq is a ++trap, generally producing a list of ++tanks.

Produces

XX

Source

    ++  mule                                                ::  typed virtual
      ~/  %mule
      |*  taq/_|.(**)
      =+  mud=(mute taq)
      ?-  -.mud
        $&  [%& p=$:taq]                                    ::  XX transition
        $|  [%| p=p.mud]
      ==
    ::

Examples

    > (mule |.(leaf/"hello"))
    [%.y p=[%leaf "hello"]]
    > (mule |.(!!))
    [%.n p=~]
    > (mule |.(.^(a//=pals/1)))
    [ %.n
        p
      ~[
        [ %rose
          p=[p="/" q="/" r="/"]
            q
          [ i=[%leaf p="a"]
            t=[i=[%leaf p="~zod"] t=[i=[%leaf p="pals"] t=[i=[%leaf p="1"] t=~]]]
          ]
        ]
      ]
    ]

++mute

Untyped virtual

Kicks a ++trap, producing its result as a noun or the tanks of any error that occurs. Similar to ++mule, but preserves no type information.

Accepts

taq is a ++trap.

Produces

Either a noun or a ++list of ++tank.

Source

    ++  mute                                                ::  untyped virtual
      |=  taq/_^?(|.(**))
      ^-  (each * (list tank))
      =+  ton=(mock [taq 9 2 0 1] |=({* *} ~))
      ?-  -.ton
        $0  [%& p.ton]
        $1  [%| (turn p.ton |=(a/* (smyt (path a))))]
        $2  [%| p.ton]
      ==

Examples

    >  (mute |.(leaf/"hello"))
    [%.y p=[1.717.658.988 104 101 108 108 111 0]]
    > (mute |.(!!))
    [%.n p=~]