The Dojo is our shell; it processes system commands and returns output. It's a good place to quickly experiment with Urbit. On the surface the Dojo is just a Hoon REPL. On the inside, the Dojo is a system for operating on and transforming data in Urbit.


You can use the Dojo to run arbitrary Hoon code, as well as non-Hoon system commands.


Evaluate a Hoon expression (whitespace matters):

~your-urbit:dojo> (add 2 2)
~your-urbit:dojo> %+  add  2  2

Tall-form Hoon may require multiple lines:

~your-urbit:dojo> %+  add
~your-urbit:dojo< 2
~your-urbit:dojo< 2

Hoon uses something called the subject. The Dojo has its own subject and that's where Hoon's equivalent of variables, called faces, are stored.

Use =var to save faces to the Dojo subject.

~your-urbit:dojo> =foo (add 2 2)

Note, however, that =var is Dojo syntax, not Hoon syntax. You cannot bind a face in a .hoon file in this way.

System commands

Use =dir to set the current working directory:

~your-urbit:dojo> =dir %/gen

(% represents your current directory. For a complete explanation on urbit paths, see the filesystem section.)

Generators (files in /gen) are run with +:

~your-urbit:dojo> +hello 'world'

Save output to a file in %clay with *:

~your-urbit:dojo> *some/file/path/hoon 'hello world'

Run system commands from :hood, like reload, using |:

~your-urbit:dojo> |reload %eyre


Generators are short Hoon scripts, saved as .hoon files in the /gen directory. Many Dojo commands exist in the form of generators. The syntax for running a generator is +genname for a generator saved as genname.hoon.


Accepts a path and displays the file. Similar to Unix cat.

~your-urbit:dojo> +cat %/gen/curl/hoon


Generates a code that is used to remotely log into your ship. No arguments.

~your-urbit:dojo> +code

You can change your code to a new randomly generated one by entering |code %reset. Please note that this will prevent Bridge from being able to derive your code in the future.


Retrieves data from a URL. Accepts a tape. Similar to Unix curl.

~your-urbit:dojo> +curl ""


Just prints the argument. Accepts a @ta.

~your-urbit:dojo> +hello 'mars'


Similar to Unix ls. Accepts a path.

~your-urbit:dojo> +ls %/gen
~your-urbit:dojo> +ls /~talsur-todres/home/2/gen/program


Compile the current state of the kernel and output a noun. Usually downloaded to a file in unix. No arguments.

~your-urbit:dojo> .urbit/pill +solid


Testrunner. Can test multiple generators at once, conventionally ones in the /test folder. Takes a path.

~your-urbit:dojo> +test /lib


Generate a ticket for an urbit ship. Takes an urbit name (@p).

~your-urbit:dojo> +ticket ~talsur-todres-your-urbit


Generate a recursive directory listing. Takes a path.

~your-urbit:dojo> +tree %/sys


The hood is the system daemon. See gen/hood and app/hood.

|hi - Sends a direct message. Sort of like Unix write. Accepts an urbit name (@p) and a string (tape, which is text wrapped with double-quotes).

~your-urbit:dojo> |hi ~binzod "you there?"

|link / |unlink - Link / unlink a remote app. Accepts an Urbit name and an app name.

~your-urbit:dojo> |link ~talsur-todres %octo

|mass - Prints the current memory usage of all the kernel modules. No arguments.

~your-urbit:dojo> |mass

|reload - Reloads a kernel module (vane) from source. Accepts any number of vane names.

~your-urbit:dojo> |reload %clay %eyre

|reset - Reloads hoon.hoon and all modules. No arguments.

~your-urbit:dojo> |reset

|start - Starts an app. Accepts an app name.

~your-urbit:dojo> |start %curl

Dojo manual

Sources and sinks

A Dojo command is either a source or a sink. A source is just something that can be printed to your console or the result of some computation. A sink is an effect: a change to the filesystem, a network message, a change to your environment, or a typed message to an app.

Sources can be chained together, but we can only produce one effect per command.


= - Set variable

Set any environment variable:

~your-urbit:dojo> =foo 42
~your-urbit:dojo> (add 2 foo)


Make sure to note that =var is Dojo syntax, not Hoon syntax. You cannot bind a variable in a .hoon file in this way.

Special variables

There are a few special variables that the Dojo maintains.

: - Send to app

:app goes to a local app, :~ship/app goes to the app on ~ship.

Send a helm-hi message to hood:

~your-urbit:dojo> :hood &helm-hi 'hi'

Apps usually expect marked data, so & is often used here.

* - Save in %clay

Save a new .hoon file in gen:

~your-urbit:dojo> *%/gen/foo/hoon '# hello'

The last component of the path is expected to be the mark (or mime type).

. - Export to Unix

Export a noun to Unix with .:

~your-urbit:dojo> .foo/bar/baz (add 2 2)

Which creates a file at pier/.urb/put/foo/bar.baz.

This is very often used with +solid:

~your-urbit:dojo> .urbit/pill +solid

Which outputs a new urbit.pill to pier/.urb/put/urbit.pill


_ - Run a function

Use _ to run a gate (or function):

Write an arbitrary function and pass data to it:

~your-urbit:dojo> _|=([a=@] (mul a 3)) 3

Use a function to get the status code from an http request:

~your-urbit:dojo> _|=([p=@ud q=* r=*] p) +

+ - - HTTP requests

+http[s]:// - sends a GET request

+http[s]:// &json [%s 'hi'] - sends a POST request with the JSON "hi" in the body.

-http[s]:// &json [%s 'hi'] - sends a PUT request with the JSON "hi" in the body.

Note that the first of these is a source while the last two are sinks.

+ - Generators

Generators are simple Hoon scripts loaded from the filesystem. They live in gen/.

An example of a generator that is built into your urbit is +code. It produces the code needed to log into your ship remotely.

~your-urbit:dojo> +code


You can use = to set an environment variable in Dojo, but there are a few reserved names that have special uses.


Current working %clay desk and revision. Read / write.


~your-urbit:dojo> =dir %/gen
~your-urbit:dojo> +ls %
404/hoon docs/ dojo/hoon lib/ listen/hoon md static/udon talk/ testing/udon tree/main/ unmark/ womb/


Current set of libraries (/lib) in your environment. Can be set with /+. Read / write.


~your-urbit:dojo> /+  number-to-words

Now we can use arms from lib/number-to-words.hoon

~your-urbit:dojo> (to-words:eng-us:number-to-words 123.456)


Current set of structures (/sur) in your environment. Can be set with /-. Read / write.


~your-urbit:dojo> /-  sole

Now we can use arms in sur/sole.hoon.

~your-urbit:dojo> `sole-effect:sole`[%bel ~]


The current (128-bit @da) time. Read-only.


~your-urbit:dojo> now


The current urbit ship. Read-only.


~your-urbit:dojo> our


512 bits of entropy. Read-only.


~your-urbit:dojo> eny


If you encounter %dy-edit-busy while entering commands, it is because your Dojo is blocked on a timer or an HTTP request. Type backspace and your Dojo will end the blocked command.